Jurgen Klopp’s side were beaten 3-1 by Real Madrid in the 2018 showpiece.
Gareth Bale scored a stunner for the Spaniards, while keeper Loris Karius was at fault for two Real goals.
“I took a lot of experience from it; hopefully I can use that,” Dutchman Van Dijk told BBC Sport.
“Losing a final is painful.”
“Tottenham are a very good team and throughout they have a lot of strength.
“They have a fantastic goalkeeper, two great centre-backs and a midfield that’s been very good. They have Victor Wanyama, who I know from Southampton, and Christian Eriksen, who has been doing it for years.
“Up front, they have players who can make a difference, so we have to be ready.
“But I know they’ll definitely think the same about us. We’re not a nice team to face so it’s going to be difficult.”